metropolitan museum of art. medieval sculpture. ivory chessmen.

Found on the Isle of Lewis, Outer Hebrides, Scot­land, before 11 April 1831 (when first shown pub­li­cally at the Soci­ety of Anti­quar­ies of Scot­land, Edin­burgh); acquired by the British Museum between Novem­ber 1831 and Jan­u­ary 1832. Pub­li­ca­tion His­tory: Mad­den, Sir Fred­eric, “His­tor­i­cal remarks on the intro­duc­tion of the game of chess into Europe and on the ancient chess­men dis­cov­ered in the Isle of Lewis,” in Archae­olo­gia XXIV (1832), Knight no. 2, pp. 229 – 230; Dal­ton, O.M. Cat­a­logue of the Ivory Carv­ings of the Chris­t­ian Era in the British Museum (Lon­don, 1909), no. 114, p. 70, pl. XLV.

met­ro­pol­i­tan museum of art

The Game of Kings: Medieval Ivory Chess­men from the Isle of Lewis

history. middle ages. public domain review.

bugs and beasts before the law

The Pied Piper, who charmed the rats from Hamelin is a part of leg­end; but who has heard of Bartholomew Chas­senée, a French jurist of the six­teenth cen­tury, who made his rep­u­ta­tion at the bar as the defence coun­sel for some rats? The rats had been put on trial in the eccle­si­as­ti­cal court on the charge of hav­ing “felo­niously eaten up and wan­tonly destroyed” the local bar­ley. When the cul­prits did not in fact turn up in court on the appointed day, Chas­senée made use of all his legal cun­ning to excuse them. They had, he urged in the first place, prob­a­bly not received the sum­mons since they moved from vil­lage to vil­lage; but even if they had received it they were prob­a­bly too fright­ened to obey, since as every­one knew they were in dan­ger of being set on by their mor­tal ene­mies the cats. On this point Chas­senée addressed the court at some length, in order to show that if a per­son be cited to appear at a place to which he can­not come in safety, he may legally refuse. The judge, recog­nis­ing the jus­tice of this claim, but being unable to per­suade the vil­lagers to keep their cats indoors, was obliged to let the mat­ter drop.

rape. definition and statistics. attorney general. fbi. police.

Jus­tice Depart­ment Announces Major Step For­ward to Com­bat Rape

For many rape sur­vivors, today is an impor­tant day. It means that the dev­as­tat­ing vio­lence they suf­fered will now be counted in this nation’s crime sta­tis­tics. Attor­ney Gen­eral Holder announced today that the FBI will be chang­ing the def­i­n­i­tion of rape used to col­lect data from local law enforce­ment about these crimes. This data is pub­lished in the Uni­form Crime Report and is the nation’s main source of infor­ma­tion about crime trends. Con­tinue read­ing